The climate in 2009 was warmer than average, especially in March, which contributed to an early start of the growing season, with August and September being also warmer. Rainfall was below average in late winter and early spring and although the summer was normal May and September were very dry. The conditions were benign and it was not a year with a high incidence of diseases. The maturations were complete resulting in concentrated wines. With impeccable pest and disease control in the context of environmental stewardship and an eco-friendly culture supported by rigorous work in the vineyard, we were able to carefully select for this wine Tinta Roriz, Touriga Nacional and Tinto Cão grape varieties, all with 21 years of age.